Other Research

The New Approach: The Emergence of a Better Way to Address Homelessness

This article explains the Housing First model and the rationale for its adoption.

The State of Homelessness in America 2016

This report is the sixth in a series charting progress in ending homelessness in the United States. It examines trends in homelessness, populations at risk of homelessness, and homelessness assistance in America.

HEARTH Act Opening DoorsUSICHData on NC Homelessness

Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act

On May 20, 2009, President Obama signed the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009. The HEARTH Act amends and reauthorizes the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act with substantial changes, including:

  • A consolidation of HUD’s competitive grant programs
  • The creation of a Rural Housing Stability Assistance Program
  • A change in HUD’s definition of homelessness and chronic homelessness
  • A simplified match requirement
  • An increase in prevention resources
  • An increase in emphasis on performance

Read more about the Hearth Act here.

Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness

Opening Doors is the nation’s first comprehensive federal strategy to prevent and end homelessness. It was presented to the Office of the President and Congress on June 22, 2010, and updated and amended in 2015 to reflect what we have learned over the past five years.


  • Prevent and end homelessness amongVeterans in 2015
  • Finish the job of endingchronic homelessness in 2017
  • Prevent and end homelessness forfamilies with children and youth in 2020
  • Set a pathto ending all types of homelessness

Read more about Opening Doors here.

HUD Release Criteria and Benchmark for Ending Chronic Homelessness

The experience of homelessness should be a rare, brief, and one-time occurrence. In order to help focus and drive progress, The U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness and its 19 federal member agencies developed specific criteria and benchmarks for communities to use as they take action toward this goal.

Criteria and benchmarks work together to provide a complete picture of a community’s response to homelessness. While the criteria focus on describing essential elements and accomplishments of the community’s response, a benchmark serves as an indicator of whether and how effectively that system is working. These criteria and benchmarks represent our best thinking at this time.

Read more about USICH here


Data plays a crucial role in informing policy decisions about housing and services for homeless persons. Understanding who is homeless and why they are homeless is necessary to end homelessness. This page from the North Carolina Coalition to End Homelessness includes the North Carolina Point In Time Count data from 2008 to present.