Homeless Data Statistics – Guilford Co.
Homeless Data Statistics
There is also no single “right” way to count the continually moving homeless population. Hence, it is difficult at accurately determine the level of homelessness in an area. For example, when Point in Time Counts are being conducted locally, some individuals can’t be found. Others may decline to take the survey, or simply avoid surveyors altogether. As a result, Partners Ending Homelessness (PEH) uses three types of homeless data statistics to gain an accurate picture of homelessness trends and the individuals and families experiencing homelessness over time in Guilford County. These methods include information and data collected by an annual Point in Time Count, and through our Homeless Management Information System (HMIS).
First of all, PEH is committed to utilizing homeless data statistics and research to drive system-wide decisions, leading to the creation of a more efficient and effective system to end homelessness. For the most recent system-wide data, click on the link below.
Furthermore, PEH and the CoC want to shift the focus of homelessness in Guilford County from problems to solutions, shift the scope of the issue from agencies and individuals to an entire system, and shift the conversation from “Imagining an end to homelessness” to “Committing to ending homelessness. The formula for ending homelessness is simple: return people to stable housing then focus on the reason they became homeless.
Finally, research has shown that once a person or family is housed, the factors leading to their homelessness are exponentially improved. We focus on three key components: (1) decrease the length of time an individual or family remains in our system; (2) ensure they return to their own stable housing when they leave our system; (3) with an increase in their income.
Point in Time Counts
Point in Time Counts provide a snapshot of unduplicated sheltered and unsheltered individuals and families experiencing homelessness on any given night. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) defines the criteria for data collection and reporting. For example, HUD defines an individual as experiencing homelessness when they reside in places not meant for human habitation, in an emergency shelter or transitional housing, or when they lack the resources and/or support networks needed to obtain housing. Most noteworthy to consider is that these homeless data statistics include only individuals willing to answer questions about their living status, obtained within a single 24-hour time period. Therefore, it is most useful to consider PITC data in comparison to other years, rather than as a one-year stand-alone homeless data statistic.
2016 Point in Time Count (PITC)
PEH and the Guilford Co CoC, like communities across the US, conduct a Point in Time Count annually, usually at the end of January. The count is a federally mandated census of the total population experiencing homelessness at a single point in time. In Guilford County, the 2016 count occurred on January 28-30. Results are posted in the links below.
Homeless Management Information System
HMIS software records and stores unduplicated counts of client-level information. Especially relevant is that homeless data statistics include characteristics and service needs of individuals and families experiencing homelessness. Guilford County providers use the Michigan Coalition Against Homelessness (MCAH) HMIS system to coordinate care, manage operations, and better serve clients. The chart below displays the aggregate data for our system. The data provides insights into the extent and nature of homelessness in Guilford County over time. In 2015, over 2,000 individuals experienced homelessness.
Housing Inventory Count
The Housing Inventory Count (HIC) is a point-in-time inventory of provider programs within a Continuum of Care. This count is of beds and units dedicated to serve persons who are homeless. There are five Program Types: Emergency Shelter; Transitional Housing; Rapid Re-housing; Safe Haven; and Permanent Supportive Housing.
Annual Performance Report (APR)
HUD requires recipients of homeless grant funding to submit an Annual Performance Report (APR) to HUD every operating year. All data collection for the APR aligns with the most recent version of the Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) Data Standards.